The President of India is head of the state and first citizen of India. He is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is elected by Electoral College composed of elected members of the parliament houses, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, and also members of the Vidhan Sabha, the state legislative assemblies.
According to the stats, until the year of 2017 following are important points about President of India: The youngest President to assume office was Neelam Reddy, who was inaugurated at the age of 64 years, 67 days. The oldest President to assume office was K.R. Narayanan, who was inaugurated at the age of 76 years, 271 days. Below is a List of Presidents of India.
The name of longest-lived Indian president was Ramaswamy Venkataraman (died in age of 98 years, 54 days). The shortest-lived president of India was Fakharuddin Ali Ahmad (died in age of 71 years, 274 days).
The Updated List of Presidents of India
|Sr. No.||President||Date of Anointment||End of Term|
|1||Rajendra Prasad||26 January 1950||13 May 1962|
|2||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||13 May 1962||13 May 1967|
|3||Zakir Hussain||13 May 1967||3 May 1969|
|4||Varahagiri Venkata Giri||24 August 1969||24 August 1974|
|5||Fakhruddin Ahmed||24 August 1974||11 February 1977|
|6||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||25 July 1977||25 July 1982|
|7||Zail Singh||25 July 1982||25 July 1987|
|8||Ramaswamy Venkataraman||25 July 1987||25 July 1992|
|9||Shankar Dayal Sharma||25 July 1992||25 July 1997|
|10||K.R. Narayanan||25 July 1997||25 July 2002|
|11||A. P. J. Abdul Kalam||25 July 2002||25 July 2007|
|12||Pratibha Patil||25 July 2007||25 July 2012|
|13||Pranab Mukherjee||25 July 2012||25 July 2017|
|14||Ram Nath Kovind||25 July 2017||Incumbent|
Rajendra Prasad (born 3 December 1884 – died 28 February 1963) was the first President of the Republic of India. Being a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Prasad was imprisoned by British authorities during the Salt Satyagraha and Quit India movement. Prasad also served as minister of food and agriculture in central government. As President, Prasad worked with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Prasad was inaugurated as President at the age of 65 years, 54 days.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (born 5 September 1888 – died 17 April 1975) was an Indian philosopher and the second President of India. He was also the first Vice President of India (1952–1962). Radhakrishnan was awarded with Bharat Ratna in 1954, and honorary membership of British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. Since 1962, his birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day on 5 September. As President, Radhakrishnan worked with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting), Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi. Radhakrishnan was inaugurated as President at the age of 73 years, 250 days.
Zakir Husain (born 8 February 1897 – died 3 May 1969), an educator and intellectual, was third President of India. He was the first Muslim president of India, and also the first to die in the office. He was also the shortest serving President of India. He also served as Governor of Bihar (1957 – 1962) and as Vice President of India (1962 – 1967). Zakir Husain was the co-founder of Jamia Milia Islamia. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1963. As President, Hussain worked with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Hussain was inaugurated as President at the age of 70 years, 94 days.
Varahagiri Venkata Giri (born 10 August 1894 – died 23 June 1980), commonly known as V. V. Giri, was the fourth President of the Republic of India. As President, he subordinated the office of President to the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, and came to be known as a “Rubber Stamp President”. V.V. Giri was honoured with the Bharat Ratna in 1975. As President, Giri worked with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Giri was inaugurated as President at the age of 75 years, 14 days.
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (born 13 May 1905 – died 11 February 1977) was the fifth President of India and also the 2nd President of India to die in office. He was awarded an honorary doctorate by University of Pristina, in Kosovo, in 1975. Ahmed was inaugurated as President at the age of 69 years, 103 days.
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (born 19 May 1913 – died 1 June 1996) was sixth President of India. He was the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, a two-time Speaker of the Lok Sabha and a Union Minister—before becoming the youngest-ever Indian president. He was also an Indian independence activist and was jailed for participating in the Quit India Movement. As President, Reddy worked with Prime Ministers Morarji Desai, Charan Singh and Indira Gandhi. Reddy was inaugurated as President at the age of 64 years, 67 days.
Gyani Zail Singh (born 5 May 1916 – died 25 December 1994) was the seventh President of India. Prior to his presidency, he was a politician with Indian National Congress party, and had held several ministerial posts in the Union Cabinet, including that of Home Minister. His presidency was marked by Operation Blue Star, the assassination of Indira Gandhi, and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. As President, Zail Singh worked with Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. Singh was inaugurated as President at the age of 66 years, 81 days.
Ramaswamy Venkataraman (born 4 December 1910 – died 27 January 2009) was the eighth President of India. He was an Indian lawyer, Indian independence activist and politician who also served as a Union Finance Minister and Defence Minister. As President, Venkataraman worked with Prime Ministers Rajiv Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, Chandra Shekhar and Narasimha Rao. Venkataraman was inaugurated as President at the age of 76 years, 233 days.
Shankar Dayal Sharma (born 19 August 1918 – died 26 December 1999) was the ninth President of India. Prior to his presidency, Sharma had been the eighth Vice President of India. He was also a Chief Minister of Bhopal and Cabinet Minister. He was the President of Indian National Congress in 1972–1974 and returned to the government as Union Minister for Communications from 1974 to 1977. International Bar Association presented Sharma with the ‘Living Legends of Law Award of Recognition’ for his outstanding contribution to the legal profession. As President, Sharma worked with Prime Ministers Narasimha Rao, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, H. D. Deve Gowda and I. K. Gujral. Sharma was inaugurated as President at the age of 73 years, 341 days.
Kocheril Raman Narayanan (born 27 October 1920 – died 9 November 2005) was the tenth President of India. Narayanan began his career as a member of Indian Foreign Service. He won three successive general elections to Lok Sabha. He was the first member of Dalit community, to hold the post of Indian President. As President, Narayanan worked with Prime Ministers I. K. Gujral and Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Narayanan was inaugurated as President at the age of 76 years, 271 days.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (born 15 October 1931 – died 27 July 2015) was eleventh President of India. A career scientist turned statesman, Kalam was the master of physics and aerospace engineering. He was intimately involved in India’s civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He came to be known as Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests. He is widely referred to as the “People’s President”. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including Bharat Ratna. As President, Kalam worked with Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh. Kalam was inaugurated as President at the age of 70 years, 283 days.
Pratibha Devisingh Patil (born 19 December 1934) served as the 12th President of India. Being a politician and member of Indian National Congress, Patil is the only woman to hold the post of Indian President. She previously served as the Governor of Rajasthan from 2004 to 2007. As President, Patil worked with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Patil was inaugurated as President at the age of 72 years, 218 days.
Pranab Kumar Mukherjee (born 11 December 1935) served as the 13th President of India. In a political career spanning six decades, Mukherjee was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India. As President, Mukherjee worked with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Narendra Modi. Mukherjee was inaugurated as President at the age of 76 years, 227 days.
Spouse: Savita Kovind (married on 30 May 1974)
Son: Prashant Kumar
Ram Nath Kovind (born 1 October 1945) is serving as the 14th President of the Republic of India. Previously he served as Governor of Bihar and was a Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha from 1994 to 2006. Kovind was inaugurated as President at the age of 71 years, 9 months & 24 days.
This list of Presidents of India will be updated in a timely manner.