Asian Games General Knowledge | Asiad G.K

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Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a multi-continental sports event held once in every four years. The Games are recognized by the International Olympic Committee and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games. Sheikh Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was first president of Olympic Council of Asia which is the organizing authority of Asian Games. Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah is second president of OCA. Asian Games of 1970 are marked the first time the Games have a Television Broadcasting throughout the world.

History of Asian Games

Prior Formation

In between 11 years, from 1913 to 1934, a sports gathering was in existence known as Far Eastern Championship Games in which Japan, Philippine and China took part. These sports meet were first held in Manila in 1913. Till 1934, eleven Far Eastern Games were held. But, against the backdrop of second Sino-Japanese War, and inclusion of Manchu Empire as a competitor nation of Japanese face, China removed itself from participation in Games. This way organization was ultimately discontinued.

Formation of Asian Games

The seeds of the formation of Asian Games were sown after Second World War, when many Asian countries became independent. These countries desired to express a new type of Asian dominance to the world through a strong mutual understanding. Summer Olympics of 1948 brought such type of a chance, when Chinese and Philippians sportsmen again raised the idea of Far Eastern Championship Games. Here Guru Dutt Sondhi played an important role and brought the idea of having a wholly new sporting event, later which came to be Asian Games. On Feb 13, 1949, the Asian Athletic Federation was formally set-up in New Delhi, alongside the name Asian Games Federation.

Changes after Formation

After 1962, the Asiads were hit by several crises. Many times host nations refused to permit the participation of others due to political, war and religious issues. Even some times nations refused to host the Games due to financial problems. Due to the series of crises, National Olympic Committee in Asia revised the constitution of the Asian Games Federation and thus Olympic Council of Asia was born in November 1981. OCA formally supervised the Games starting with 1986 Asiads in South Korea.

Participation

Taiwan, Palestine, Hong Kong, and Macau participate in the Asian Games according to membership in OCA. Taiwan participates under the flag of Chinese Taipei. Macau is allowed to compete as one of the NOCs in Asiads, despite not being recognized by the IOC for participation in Olympic Games. India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Thailand are the Only nations have competed in all editions of Asiads.

Member Nations of Asian Games

Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordon, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yeman

India in Asian Games

YearGoldSilverBronzeTotalRank
1951151620512
1954445135
1958545147
1962121327523
19667311215
19706910255
197441212287
197811116286
1982131925575
19865923375
199018142311
19944315228
199871117359
2002101213358
2006101726538
2010141734656
2014111036578

List of Asian Games

LIST OF THE SPORTS INCLUDED IN ASIAN GAMES
Aquatics
Archery
Athletics
Badminton
Baseball
Basketball
Board games
Bodybuilding
Bowling
Boxing
Canoeing
Cricket
Cue sports
Cycling
Dancesport
Dragon boat
Equestrian
Fencing
Field Hockey
Football
Golf
Gymnastics
Wushu
Wrestling
Weightlifting
Volleyball
Triathlon
Tennis
Taekwondo
Table Tennis
Squash
Soft Tennis
Softball
Shooting
Sepak Takraw
Sailing
Rugby Sevens
Rowing
Roller Sports
Modern Pentathlon
Karate
Kabaddi
Judo
Handball

Year-wise Held-on

S. No.YearHostNationsPlayersSportsEventsTopper
1st1951New Delhi11489657Japan
2nd1954Manila18970876Japan
3rd1958Tokyo201,8201397Japan
4th1962Jakarta171,46013120Japan
5th1966Bangkok181,94514143Japan
6th1970Bangkok182,40013135Japan
7th1974Tehran253,01016202Japan
8th1978Bangkok253,84219201Japan
9th1982New Delhi333,41121199China
10th1986Seoul274,83925270China
11th1990Beijing366,12229310China
12th1994Hiroshima426,82834337China
13th1999Bangkok416,55436376China
14th2002Busan447,71138419China
15th2006Doha459,52039424China
16th2010Guangzhou459,70442476China
17th2014Incheon459,50136439China



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