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Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a multi-continental sports event held once in every four years. The Games are recognized by the International Olympic Committee and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games. Sheikh Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was first president of Olympic Council of Asia which is the organizing authority of Asian Games. Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah is second president of OCA. Asian Games of 1970 are marked the first time the Games have a Television Broadcasting throughout the world.

History of Asian Games

Prior Formation

In between 11 years, from 1913 to 1934, a sports gathering was in existence known as Far Eastern Championship Games in which Japan, Philippine and China took part. These sports meet were first held in Manila in 1913. Till 1934, eleven Far Eastern Games were held. But, against the backdrop of second Sino-Japanese War, and inclusion of Manchu Empire as a competitor nation of Japanese face, China removed itself from participation in Games. This way organization was ultimately discontinued.

Formation of Asian Games

The seeds of the formation of Asian Games were sown after Second World War, when many Asian countries became independent. These countries desired to express a new type of Asian dominance to the world through a strong mutual understanding. Summer Olympics of 1948 brought such type of a chance, when Chinese and Philippians sportsmen again raised the idea of Far Eastern Championship Games. Here Guru Dutt Sondhi played an important role and brought the idea of having a wholly new sporting event, later which came to be Asian Games. On Feb 13, 1949, the Asian Athletic Federation was formally set-up in New Delhi, alongside the name Asian Games Federation.

Changes after Formation

After 1962, the Asiads were hit by several crises. Many times host nations refused to permit the participation of others due to political, war and religious issues. Even some times nations refused to host the Games due to financial problems. Due to the series of crises, National Olympic Committee in Asia revised the constitution of the Asian Games Federation and thus Olympic Council of Asia was born in November 1981. OCA formally supervised the Games starting with 1986 Asiads in South Korea.

Participation

Taiwan, Palestine, Hong Kong, and Macau participate in the Asian Games according to membership in OCA. Taiwan participates under the flag of Chinese Taipei. Macau is allowed to compete as one of the NOCs in Asiads, despite not being recognized by the IOC for participation in Olympic Games. India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Thailand are the Only nations have competed in all editions of Asiads.

Member Nations of Asian Games

Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordon, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yeman

India in Asian Games

Year Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1951 15 16 20 51 2
1954 4 4 5 13 5
1958 5 4 5 14 7
1962 12 13 27 52 3
1966 7 3 11 21 5
1970 6 9 10 25 5
1974 4 12 12 28 7
1978 11 11 6 28 6
1982 13 19 25 57 5
1986 5 9 23 37 5
1990 1 8 14 23 11
1994 4 3 15 22 8
1998 7 11 17 35 9
2002 10 12 13 35 8
2006 10 17 26 53 8
2010 14 17 34 65 6
2014 11 10 36 57 8

List of Asian Games

LIST OF THE SPORTS INCLUDED IN ASIAN GAMES
Aquatics
Archery
Athletics
Badminton
Baseball
Basketball
Board games
Bodybuilding
Bowling
Boxing
Canoeing
Cricket
Cue sports
Cycling
Dancesport
Dragon boat
Equestrian
Fencing
Field Hockey
Football
Golf
Gymnastics
Wushu
Wrestling
Weightlifting
Volleyball
Triathlon
Tennis
Taekwondo
Table Tennis
Squash
Soft Tennis
Softball
Shooting
Sepak Takraw
Sailing
Rugby Sevens
Rowing
Roller Sports
Modern Pentathlon
Karate
Kabaddi
Judo
Handball

Year-wise Held-on

S. No. Year Host Nations Players Sports Events Topper
1st 1951 New Delhi 11 489 6 57 Japan
2nd 1954 Manila 18 970 8 76 Japan
3rd 1958 Tokyo 20 1,820 13 97 Japan
4th 1962 Jakarta 17 1,460 13 120 Japan
5th 1966 Bangkok 18 1,945 14 143 Japan
6th 1970 Bangkok 18 2,400 13 135 Japan
7th 1974 Tehran 25 3,010 16 202 Japan
8th 1978 Bangkok 25 3,842 19 201 Japan
9th 1982 New Delhi 33 3,411 21 199 China
10th 1986 Seoul 27 4,839 25 270 China
11th 1990 Beijing 36 6,122 29 310 China
12th 1994 Hiroshima 42 6,828 34 337 China
13th 1999 Bangkok 41 6,554 36 376 China
14th 2002 Busan 44 7,711 38 419 China
15th 2006 Doha 45 9,520 39 424 China
16th 2010 Guangzhou 45 9,704 42 476 China
17th 2014 Incheon 45 9,501 36 439 China

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